Landolfo rufolo riassunto yahoo dating

p2hv{}sheptonmallet.infoerlappingourstyleplease{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;bottom :0;widthpx;padding:0;margin:0;overflow:auto}.p2hv. narrative e di personaggi” (a reserve of narrative situations and characters), of the Genoese people (one need only look to the story of Landolfo Rufolo in Dec. support during the conflicts with Pisa (which date to before Dante) that finally del Decameron,” in Leggiadre donne: Novella e racconto breve in Italia, ed. Date Maturità · Commissari Esterni Maturita · Materie Maturità · Prima Prova . I loro nomi richiamano o personaggi delle opere precedenti di Boccaccio stesso, . Analisi Personaggio Landolfo Rufolo è un ricco commerciante che, non Cipro, la svendita delle merci, l'anno di pirateria) sono raccontati in modo breve.

Fault plane solution was estimated for earthquakes recorded by the Libyan National Seismograph Network in northwestern and northeastern Libya. Results of fault plane solution suggest that normal faulting was dominant in the westernmost part of Libya; strike slip faulting was dominant in northern-central part of Libya. The north-eastern part of the country suggests that dip-dip faulting were more prevalent. N-S convergent tectonic context between the African and Eurasian plates is considered as the main force shaping the Mediterranean starting from the Late Mesozoic.

The geodynamic evolution of the Mediterranean area during the Cenozoic has been driven by the subduction of the tethyan oceanic crust below the neighbouring continental plates Gueguen et al. Between the Neogene and Quaternary periods, the Maltese archipelago has been involved in these tectonic modifications Finetti et al. The Maltese Graben System lies within the African Plate in the foreland of the Appennine-Maghrebides fold-and-thrust belt and represents the northeasternmost part of the Pantelleria Rift.

Its geodynamic evolution has been driven by the onset of two different fault systems recognized throughout the whole Sicily Channel Rift Zone Central-Western Mediterranean: Different interpretations have been provided with reference to the phases of activation of these two fault systems.

According to Dart et al. These authors recognized a pre-rift phase older than 21 Ma and an early syn-rift phase Ma characterized by the development of neptunian dykes Illies, ; Pedley, ; Gardiner et al. According to Corti et al. North of the VLF, the tectonic processes gave rise to a sequence of horsts and grabens, recognizable on field as a well evident alternation of ridges and valleys Fig. Tectonic activity played a key role in shaping the landscape of the Maltese archipelago.

Due to the NE-ward tilting, the highest elevations are located in the northwestern part of Malta island Figs. These latter parts of the coasts are characterized by sub-vertical cliffs increasing in thickness northward.

Similarly, the surface waters are distributed in a direction aligned along or parallel to the SW-NE trending faults, triggering the formation of numerous valleys well evident in figure 1 Paskoff, Low-lying coasts are widely distributed in the eastern and north-eastern part of the Malta island and in the northern of Gozoisland, where there are frequent boulders accumulations linked both to storm and tsunami waves Mottershead et al.

B Perspective view from west of the DTM highlighting the horst and graben structure of the northern part of the island of Malta. Furthermore, the occurrence in these areas of more easily erodible lithologies facilitated the development of deep inlets, which have formed in response to the Quaternary marine ingression Magri, The coasts of the Maltese archipelago are characterized by numerous coves of semi-circular shape, produced by solution of carbonates by the percolation water and consequent collapse of the structure.

On the island of Gozo these structures can be recognized along the west coast Qawraand DweiraBaywhile on the island of Malta are more widely distributed.

Examples are the structures of BlueGrotto along the southern coast and Paradise Bay, along the northwestern coast. Lithostratigraphy of the Maltese succession The Maltese sedimentary succession highlights shallow water carbonate deposits in its older and younger terms and of marly-carbonate to marly-clayey in the intermediates. The succession consists of five formations ranging between the late Oligocene Chattian to the pre-evaporitic Messinian Giannelli and Salvatorini,; Pedley, ; Oil Exploration Directorate, ; Mazzei, ; Jacobs et al.

1 Geo-Risks in the Mediterranean and their Mitigation

This formation consists of pelagic marly limestones and is subdivided, based on the occurrence of phosphoritic conglomerate beds Pedley, ; Rose et al. This formation is followed by the middle Serravallian to late Tortonian Miocene in age Giannelli and Salvatorini, ; Sprovieri et al.

It poorly crops out in the archipelago and shows maximum thickness of about 11 m Oil Exploration Directorate, The Maltese succession is closed by the shallow-water bioclasticlimestones of the Upper Coralline Limestone Fm, late Miocene pre-evaporitic Messinian in age Giannelli and Salvatorini, ; Russo andBossio, ; Mazzei, and showing a maximum thickness of m Oil Exploration Directorate, Within the SIMIT project numerous geological and stratigraphic surveys were carried out both in Malta and in Gozo paying particular attention to those areas 28 Geo-Risks in the Mediterranean and their Mitigation where the lithological features are associated to greater vulnerability and, consequently, where the risk was more pronounced.

In fact, this lithotype, due to its plastic feature, isusually responsible for the fracturing of overlying formations more evident in the Upper Coralline Limestone. Detailed analyses were mostly carried close to the Victoria Line Fault and in the northwestern part of Malta, where the outcrops of Il-Blata,Gnejna Bay and Qammieh have been measured, sampled and analyzed. The lithological log and bio-chrono stratigraphic results obtained here allowed us to perform correlations with other well-known sequences such as Dingli and that of Rasil-Pellegrin respectively south and just north of the Victoria Line Faulthighlighting differences in the thicknesses of the formations along the coast Fig.

The lithostratigraphic approach highlighted a sharp decrease in thickness of the Lower Coralline Limestone Fm northward. North of the fault, the formation poorly crops out only in the Qammieh section, while at Rasil-Pellegrin and Gnejna Bay it lies below the sea level. A similar behavior is recognizable also for the Lower Globigerina Limestone Mb, which does not crop out from the sea in the two sections immediately north of the fault see the sections of Rasil-Pellegrin and Gnejna Bay in Fig.

The Middle Globigerina Limestone Mbcovers different depositional intervals between the outcrops located south and north of the Victoria Line Fault. In fact, through a litho- and bio-stratigraphic approach we documented the presence in the sections of Dingli and Il-Blata of an interval of deposition, early Aquitanian in age and represented by massive whitish limestones Baldassini and Di Stefano,which is totally missed or not deposited in the northern outcrops Fig.

These dissimilarities between the two areas can be explained supposing different locations within the depositional basin, being more distal for the southern outcrops, and more marginal for northern, probably in a context of local synsedimentary tectonic activity. The Burdigalian calcareous marls, typical of the member both in Malta and Gozo, are instead present in the Dingli and Il Blata outcrops as well as at Qammieh. The three lithotypes of the Upper Globigerina Limestone Mb crops out, pointing to similar thicknesses, in all the considered outcrops Fig.

However, in the section of Il-Blata, a late Burdigalian deposition was recognized which is absent in others area along the western and northwestern coast. Also in this case, this depositional uniqueness can be linked to different position within the basin as well as to synsedimentary tectonic activity. It is conceivable that during the deposition a wider accommodation space developed in the Rasil-Pellegrin area probably due to local synsedimetary tectonic activity. All the considered outcrops are involved in landslide phenomena and is responsible for the collapsed boulders from the overlying Upper Coralline LimestoneFm.

The Greensand Fm occurs with thicknesses never exceeding 1 m along the entire coast. The Upper Coralline Limestone Fmshows thicknesses between 30 and 50 m in the considered outcrops Fig. In all the considered areas, collapses mainly due to the percolation watersfracturing and differential settlements of the Upper Coralline Limestone Fm are frequent and linked to the presence of several meters of the underlying marl deposits of the Blue Clay Fm Fig.

Lithostratigraphic logs and correlations of the considered outcrops. New insights on the Oligo-Miocene succession bearing phosphatic layers of the Maltese Archipelago, Italian Journal of Geosciences, doi: Calcareous plankton bio-chronostratigraphy of the Maltese Globigerina Limestone member, Acta Geologica Polonica 63 1 Heterozoan carbonates in oligotrophic tropical waters: Mediterranean tectonics,in Encyclopedia of Geology, Volume 2, R.

Late Quaternary deformation on the island on Pantelleria: New constraints for the recent tectonic evolution of the Sicily Channel Rift southern ItalyJournal of Geodynamics 48 75— Stratigraphy and structure of the Maltese graben system, Journal of the Geological Society 6 Multidisciplinary study of the Tindari Fault Sicily, Italy separating ongoing contractional and extensional compartments along the active Africa—Eurasia convergent boundary, Tectonophysics 1— Struttura e evoluzione della microplacca adriatica,Bollettino di Oceanografia Teorica e Applicata 2 Integrated stratigraphy of the St.

Thomas section Malta Island: Integrated stratigraphy of St. Plio-Pleistocene fault movement as evidence for megablock kinematics within the Hyblean-Malta Plateau, central Mediterranean, Journal of Geodynamics 19 35— On the post 25 Ma geodynamic evolution of the western Mediterranean, Tectonophysics Mechanism of graben formation, Tectonophysics 73 The Monterey event in the Mediterranean: A record from shelf sediments of Malta,Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 11 6 Sequence stratigraphic and paleoceanographic implications based on calcareous nannofossil stratigraphy, Berliner GeowissenschaftlicheAbhandlungen 16 — Slope instability along the north-west coast in Malta, Ph.

Thesis, University of Durham, UK. The Miocene sequence of the Maltese Islands: Extreme wave events in the central Mediterranean: Geomorphic evidence of tsunami on the Maltese Islands,Zeitschrifyt fur Geomorphologie 58 3 Improved astronomical age constrains for the Middle Miocene climate transition based on high-resolution stable isotopes records from the central Mediterranean Maltese Islands, Paleoceanography 26 PA Oil Exploration Directorate Geological Map of the Maltese Island: A paleoecological study of the Upper coralline Limestone Terebratula-Aphelesia Bed Miocene, Malta based on bryozoan growth-forms and brachiopod distribution,Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 20 Where they are verified by geological and archaeological studies, faulted architectural relics represent valuable data in understanding active tectonics and seismic hazard of a region.

In many cases, they represent the missing tiles of a seismic puzzle dataset, providing useful information and filling gaps in historical seismicity. From this perspective, countries rich in ancient ruins, such as those bordering the Mediterranean Sea, can offer a natural laboratory for this discipline.

In this area, ancient buildings damaged by earthquakes have been described since the beginning of the last century e. Among many other countries, Sicily represents a suitable place in investigating past earthquakes as it exhibits a large amount of archaeological information, the majority of these concentrated in the period between the fourth century B.

Archaeological rests consist of buildings, fortified walls, streets, canals and other kinds of artefacts which can provide useful chronological markers for constraining possible earthquakes in the past.

In this contribution we present field evidence for past earthquakes by means emblematic cases of faulted archaeological relics along the Sicilian Collision Zone.

1 Geo-Risks in the Mediterranean and their Mitigation

Examples come from two different archaeological sites located in central and western Sicily respectively where faulting involves man-made structures of old Greek and Roman age. Tectonic shortening and thrust piling gave rise to a foreland—verging fold and thrust belt to date largely exposed on continental Sicily.

Thrust migration was also accompanied by sedimentation in piggy-back basins Grasso and Butler, ; Barreca,most of them well preserved in the central-western portion of the collision zone. The long-living convergence that affect the central Mediterranean and Sicily, has been occasionally perturbed by the recent Ionian slab dynamic and back-arc opening northwards Faccenna et al.

The modern seismotectonic configuration is depicted by GPS velocity fields Palano et al. In particular, a significant change in the kinematics behaviour seems to occur in central-eastern Sicily along a large NW-SE trending kinematic boundary that appear to separate an extensional domain in the NE the Peloritani block from a contraction alone in the SW Barreca et al.

Previous archaeo-seismological studies and historical catalogues Boschi et al. Major ancient seismic events have been held accountable for severe damages all over Sicily, such as the A. Evidence for faulted archaeological remains Central Sicily Evidence for Roman-age faulting has been found in central Sicily Fig. Naselli, ; Tusa, ; Manganaro, Structurally, the ridge is a gentle NE-SW trending syncline but it is also transversally sliced by a more recent strike and dip-slip fault association Fig.

Decameron, Giovanni Boccaccio

As evidenced by displaced sandy layers within the conglomeratic 34 Geo-Risks in the Mediterranean and their Mitigation bedrock, dip-slip structures consist of high-angle faults with extensional motion.

Interestingly, faults cross cut also the archaeological site Fig. Since fault breaks the hard cobbles of the bedrock, this type of deformation has been associated to a very rapid impulsive stress propagation see Moretti, This suggests that the fault displacement of the Roman architectural relic was probably related to a coseismic slip. Previous archaeological studies in the nearby Beck et al. Further, recent excavations Storey, have brought to light a fourth century A. All these clues strongly support the hypothesis that a strong earthquake probably occurred in this area during the Late Roman period.

The city was built on a hill of middle-upper Pleistocene marine sediments and it extends for about hectares. Archeological studies, based on the dynamics of the collapse of some temples and fortification walls Guidoboni et al. In particular, two strong earthquakes have been identified; B. C and A. Further, the overturning toward the North of the majority of the columns give useful information about the dynamic of the seismic event, suggesting a ground motion toward the South.

Landolfo Rufolo il mercante di ravello

According to the tectonic setting of the area Monaco et al. Just south of the Castelvetrano modern town, an archaeological site lies on the crest of a NE-SW trending anticline which deforms lower-middle Pleistocene terraced calcarenites Fig. The site has an age ranging from Bronze to ancient Greek age De Miro, personal communication and includes an ancient street excavated on the calcarenites Fig.

Detailed structural measurements revealed that a SE-dipping, N30E striking reverse fault dislocates the street Fig. Alburchia in the frame of the Sicilian Collision Zone. B Structural setting of Mt. Alburchia characterized by a gentle NE-SW trending syncline sliced by younger strike-slip and dip-slip faults association.

C Picture from the northern slope of Mt. Alburchia which displays the faulted votive niche. One of these faults D cross-cut a votive niche displacing its plastered roof E of about 15 cm. D particular of the ancient street Greck age dislocated by a N30E oriented back-thrust D. Discussion and conclusions Detailed field surveys from the central-western portion of the Sicilian Collision Zone provide evidences for two emblematic cases of faulted archaeological relics.

The first case comes from the central portion of the collision zone and it concerns the findings of a faulted, IV Century A. Faulting displacement and previous archaeological investigations clearly suggest that the area experienced a strong earthquake in the past. The analysis of historical seismicity from available earthquake catalogues Boschi et al. Faulted archaeological remains in the SW sector of the collision zone indicate that another strong earthquake occurred in this area after the 37 Geo-Risks in the Mediterranean and their Mitigation construction of the ancient street from Bronze to ancient Greek age.

Geo-archeological studies here presented provided powerful constraints on the seismic history of the two investigated sectors and revealed that seismogenic faulting in the Sicilian Collision zone can occur by distinct kinematic, as clearly evidenced by the observed ground ruptures. Journal of Archaeological Science, v. Geological-structural outlines of the southern Madonie Mts. Journal of Maps, http: Structural and seismological clues for a lithospheric scale tear fault system in central-eastern Sicily Italy.

Prospezione archeologica a Gangi Vecchio: Catalogue of strong Italian earthquakes from a. Annali di Geofisica, v. Archaeological evidence for destructive earthquakes in Sicily between B. Geoarchaeology 24 2 ,—http: Opere Minori Il Filostrato Poemetto scritto in ottave.

Il Filocolo Opera narrativa in prosa. Il Teseida Poemetto scritto in terzine. Amorosa Visione Poema in terzine.

Elegia di Madonna Fiammetta Opera narrativa in prosa, in forma di lettera. Ninfale Fiesolano Poemetto in Ottave. Corbaccio Opera narrativa in prosa. Qui, trascorrono il tempo tra banchetti, canti, balli e giochi decidono di raccontare ogni giorno una novella ciascuno.

Nell'introduzione ad ogni giornata viene descritta la gioiosa vita della brigata. I narratori del Decameron di Boccaccio non hanno caratteri e psicologie definite che li rendano autentici personaggi. I loro nomi richiamano o personaggi delle opere precedenti di Boccaccio stesso, o personaggi letterari. Di che cosa parla e che funzione ha? Ognuno di questi temi viene descritto in tutte le sue forme.

Nel Decameron Boccaccio rivolge la sua attenzione sopratutto al mondo mercantile e quello borghese. Ti pare una concezione simile a quella di Dante o differente? Le forze che muovono il mondo sono la Fortuna e l'Amore. Nella Divina Commedia di Dante, il fato assume un significato religioso.